Transformers: The last Knight: Ancillary Text Review

Transformers: The Last Knight is a 2017 American science fiction action film based on the Transformers toy line created by Hasbro. It is the fifth installment of the live-action Transformers film series, the second film in the sequel trilogy and the sequel to 2014’s Transformers: Age of Extinction. Like its predecessors, the film is directed by Michael Bay, featuring Mark Wahlberg returning from Age of Extinction, with Josh Duhamel, John Turturro, and Glenn Morshower all reprising their roles from the first three films, with Laura Haddock and Anthony Hopkins both joining the cast. Bay and Wahlberg have stated they will not return for another sequel.


This review is given just under a third of a page, which means it holds a significant amount of space on the page and therefore connotes that the editor of the magazine thinks that this film is successful and a good film for many different aspects. The picture at the top of the review is again about a third of the overall review size. The review itself is again of significant size, when comparing it to the sizes of the review text itself there is very little difference in the amount of text featured in this review and the amount in other reviews that have are allocated space is very comparable. Which when the audience see is done by just making the columns on this longer rather than making shorter ones that are used more frequently throughout the review, the text just looks like more in smaller chunks that are easier to read.


The image that is used is of both a human and a transformer, this shows the audience the relationship between the two types of characters and begins establishing the relationship of the characters. The audience could also gage the idea of protection from it as the transformer is coming in from the window, but also the idea that the man is positioned to be standing in front of the transformer which also adds the aspect of control and dominance from the humans, which contrasts expectations that are initially associated that the transformer will be dominant over the human and have more of a power stance. The way that the two characters are standing also adds the impression to the audience that the transformer is the clone version of the human, this is seen through the same stance, the way they are looking and where the characters hands are; finally the colour of their eyes are the same, this shows the audience that there is a possibility that the plot of the film could be revolved around the idea that the transformers are clones of the humans. The background of the picture alongside the clothes of the man show that he is from a background or has wealth, which makes the audience understand that he is the modern day typical villain, who is rich and wealthy; which allows them to come up with a plan at the expense of others (Using the transformers). However at this point the audience still don’t know the plot, this has just been interpreted from the image used in the review.


There is the first section of the review, this consists of the name of the film in capitalised serif font. This makes the audience aware of the title of the film, so therefore it is easily located and able to find if the audience are interested in going and seeing the film. There is then a star rating and a when the film is out, and the rating it has been given. This is a good bit of information to note because before the review is read the reader can get an idea of the overall impression that the written review is going to give. The rating is also important because this will let the audience know if they are eligible to view this film, however if they are reading this magazine then they are probably eligible to view the film. The directors and actors and the plot are also listed in this section, this again is a feature that is common in magazines, I think that this is really helpful because it allows the audience to know the style of the film through the director and the plot allows the audience to see what the film will be providing to them in terms of what the audience will be watching.


The review itself, is broken down into two columns, the first three words of the review are in capitalised sans serif font. This shows the introduction of the written review and makes the audience able to distinguish the difference between the introduction of the film, with the background story and the review itself. The review begins with talking about the previous films and making the audience award of the names of the previous transformers, which connotes that they could potentially be included in this film. There is further mention to previous films which are written in italics making the names stand out to the audience and therefore show that they are associated but the review isn’t based on them. The overall impression and tone given to the reader from the review is very critical and gives the impression that the film is hanging on to the same story line and failing to develop the plot further than what has been previously seen, which makes the audience understand that if they have seen the previous films then there is a solid chance that they have seen very close story lines, which makes the audience see the limitations of the story, and even mentions the conventions that have been really closely seen through the other films.



Fantastic Beasts And Where To Find Them: Film Poster Analysis

Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them is a 2016 fantasy film directed by David Yates. It is a prequel to the Harry Potter film series, and it was produced and written by J. K. Rowling in her screenwriting debut, and inspired by her 2001 book of the same name. The film stars Eddie Redmayne as Newt Scamander, with Katherine Waterston, Dan Fogler, Alison Sudol, Ezra Miller, Samantha Morton, Jon Voight, Carmen Ejogo, Ron Perlman and Colin Farrell in supporting roles. It is the first installment in the Fantastic Beasts series, and the ninth overall in J. K. Rowling’s Wizarding World, the franchise that began with the Harry Potter films.

fantastic beasts film poster

Colour: The majority of the colour used in the poster comes from the background the colour is a very light brown with a yellow tint to it. This colour masks certain aspects behind the image and limits the audience the location slightly. The main colours used in this poster are all different shades of brown which connotes older things making the audience wonder about the context that this film is set in. The colours on the poster are also contrasting, although there are a lot of brown tones there is also a yellow tone in the middle of the sky, which the audience infer comes from the sun, the reflection of this colour comes down and around the characters in the middle of the screen. There is grey on the edges of the sky, closes around the yellow, these contrasting colours with one being bright usually associated with being a sign of hope and happiness; is contrasted with the grey that is associated with the dark images behind the grey darker tones. As these two colours contrast each other the codes and conventions for the fantasy genre is the battle between good and evil, which in this poster is shown through the colours in the sky. The ground is also a grey colour, with the puddles being the same yellow colour that is seen in the sky, the audience can then infer that the codes and conventions are followed in this film; when looking there is a lot more of the grey tone which makes the audience think that the bad will win overall rather than the good. There is then a strong colour of white coming from the centre of the picture behind where the characters are, the audience know white is in association with innocence however with the darker colours of the poster such as the greys and the darker brown tones the audience begin to question if white is actually going to follow these stereotypes or subvert expectation. There are also little blue lights coming from the characters ‘wands’ which shows the magic and follows the fantasy genre further making the audience aware that they are about to watch a typical film that follows the fantasy codes and conventions from initial impressions.

Images:  The main images around this is the buildings and the characters situated in the middle of the poster. The buildings are all around the characters and he edging of the poster which connotes the location that this film will be based in, is a city. However the building in the far right of the poster is shown to be falling down, this again follows the expectations of a battle for good and evil. The audience make the interpretation that the battle that will be involved in this film will begin to effect the civilians who are also living in the city at this point, the idea that the civilians are living in this city are seen through the balconies and fire escape routes that are situated on the building on the right; but also the people on the left of the poster who appear to be walking on the road without any form of protection showing that they weren’t prepared or aren’t aware of the battle that is taking place. The other form of destruction shown in the poster is the pot holes that are in the road, as this film is a new release to the audience they are aware that the holes in the road this big aren’t likely to be from cars or lorries, and with the building falling down it suggests to the audience further information about a sense of action somewhere. The characters are all dressed in traditionally smart clothes which includes long coats with scarves, for one man a tie is also included and a brief case for the other. From the clothes they wear the audience think that they aren’t the typical kind of people who would be seen or thought to engage in anything like what they are presented to in the poster.

Layout: The characters in this poster are central, however everything else is off to the right or the left. The most central character is the man in a long blue coat with a yellow and blue scarf, by him being the most central character it suggest that he is the most significant character and therefore he will either help the plot along or he be what the plot surrounds. The other characters are less central but still surrounding the man in the middle which makes the audience think that all these characters are going to play a large part in the plot of this film and moving it along but not as important as the man in the middle, they might just play a role in helping the man in the middle. The characters are also all staggered, behind the man in the middle which re-enforces to the audience the importance of the characters in the film. The man with he blue coat is the furthest forward, followed by the lady on the right and then the two characters on the left who are standing next to each other, by using this staggering effect the audience can see the characters in a list of importance. The buildings at the back of the poster are also staggered, which suggest that these are also showing the importance of them to the plot, however this could also just be inferred that they are staggered to try and make them look more realistic as a street view. The characters walking behind the four main ones are positioned to look like they are walking through the roads like they do everyday and make it seem to the audience that the four characters in front of them are trying to complete the plot without attracting any attention to themselves.

Typography and Language: The top of the poster is the first bit of writing that the audience see on this poster. This font is black capitalised serif font, this font just makes the audience aware that the this film is from the J.K Rowling series so that anyone who is into Harry potter or her work are aware that this idea came from her. The title ‘Fantastic Beasts’ is written in larger font, the font is an example of sans serif but this font is associated with beast like features such as scales, tails and spikes. Then to the right of this the second part of the title ‘and where to find them’ is written in a smaller font, but it is still clearly linked to the title of the film and has significance to it. Finally the audience then see the credits on the bottom of the poster which is clear that this is following conventions on positioning this at the bottom of the poster central in the poster. The opacity of this is weak but not so weak that the audience can’t see it. The credits are then again also written in capitalised serif font.

Harry Potter And The Sorcerer’s Stone: Textual Analysis

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone is a 2001 British-American fantasy film directed by Chris Columbus and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. It is based on the novel of the same name by J. K. Rowling. The film is the first instalment in the long-running Harry Potter film series, and was written by Steve Kloves and produced by David Heyman. Its story follows Harry Potter’s first year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry as he discovers that he is a famous wizard and begins his education. The film stars Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter, with Rupert Grint as Ron Weasley, and Emma Watson as Hermione Granger.

My Textual Analysis- 1.42 Minutes in. 

The scene begins in a train station, there are brick pillars supporting the roof, which shows the audience that they are watching a very modern film , that is up to date with what the modern audience would expect to see. Platform signs 9 and 10 are shown which helps establish the location better. There is then a cut to a long shot of a boy, who is shown to have a few suitcases and an owl on a trolley pushing it through what is shown to be a busy train station by the amount of people following behind him in the train station, there is a diegetic sound of the trolley as the boy is pushing it. The audience then see him looking around with a confused facial expression, he appears to be looking up towards the signs of the platforms, which connotes to the audience that he is looking for his platform. A medium shot is then used which shows the signs of platform 9 and 10, through this being the second time the audience have seen these signs they can infer the significance they are going to have in this scene.  There are trains on either side of the platforms which re-enforces the location and makes the audience question why he isn’t getting on one of these trains or if he is waiting to meet someone. The camera then tilts down at a diagonal on the side of platform 9 to a long shot of the boy and then the camera proceeds to track with him. An over the shoulder shot is used to allow the audience to see from an outside view how the next event unfolds, which is seen as briskly walks over to a warden; who is dressed with a hat and uniform on shouting ‘excuse me!’. The audience then begin to feel sorry for the boy as he is clearly unsure of were he is going and being on his own makes the audience feel more empathy. The shot then cuts to a medium shot of the boy as he engages the warden into trying to help him find ‘platform 9 and 3/4’, after the boy says this the wardens facial expression changes to shocked and the tone of his voice is now bitter and angry as he thinks the boy is winding him up. As the warden walks off a new family come into focus on the shot; they are using the word ‘muggles’ which the audience finds puzzling but when the shot cuts back to a close up of the boy this term is shown to be familiar to him as he mouths it.

The boy begins to follow the family as it is heard that the woman is directing them to platform 9 and 3/4, as the boy we are first introduced to begins to follow them two more boys come into the shot, as the audience now understand that the first character is clearly very significant and plays a big role but now the audience understand that being introduced to these characters makes the audience see the significance in them, as they are directing him in the right direction to where he wants to go. Then some music begins to play this music goes up and down in pitch and creates the sense of adventure. An over the shoulder shot of the woman is used as she calls her family around under the platform 10 sign. She then speaks ‘you first’ and signals at one of the boys who walk around her, run into the wall and disappear; this happens as a man walks past who doesn’t mention anything or look in a bizarre way. A close up of the boy with black hair is then used to show his shocked and confused facial expression, he then looks around to see if anyone saw it, almost to see if he was dreaming what he just saw.

There is a medium shot of the woman and a young girl, the woman and the two twins who are presented to the audience in a close up, argue about which one is ‘Fred’ who was mentioned when the lady was trying to encourage the next boy to run through the wall. One of the boys then follows the same path as the other as he runs through the wall he declares that he is Fred after all, which creates a every light hearted tone and adds an element of humour. The other twin boy then follows right after. A sound effect of swooshing is used when someone runs through the wall, and then characters disappear. The first boy the audience were introduced to again is shot in a close up as he still looks around thinking that he is in a dream, after this he then steps forward and approaches the woman who has been sending the children through the wall. A dialogue them begins as the boy asks for help with a nervous tone. A close up of the woman is used as she agrees to help the boy; and then introduces another character of the name ‘Ron’, which the audience infer is another significant character because the sound becomes fainter, Ron is smartly dressed and looks as though he is prepared to make a good first impression. The woman continues to explain how to get on to platform 9 and 3/4. Just after this the boy steps up square to the wall were a point of view shot is used, the camera tilts up and down the wall before locking on to a firm view of the centre of the wall.

Despicable Me 3: Ancillary Text Analysis

Despicable Me 3 is a 2017 American 3D computer-animated comedy film produced by Illumination Entertainment for Universal Pictures. It is the third main instalment in the Despicable Me film series and the sequel to Despicable Me 2 (2013). The film is directed by Pierre Coffin and Kyle Balda, co-directed by Eric Guillon and written by Cinco Paul and Ken Daurio. In the film, Gru teams up with his long-lost twin brother Dru in order to defeat a new enemy named Balthazar Bratt, a 1980s child actor who grows up to become a villain.


This review share the page with three other reviews, which means this review is designated less than a quarter of the page. The image is small and the review its self is very limited, which could be inferred that it is getting to the point quicker, however it could also be seen that with the lack of space then the author doesn’t rate this film much in terms of something from the story to the overall composition of the film. The image used in the review is again small and therefore lacks the ability to catch the audiences attention, the only thing that stops the audience from flipping past this review is the use of the iconic minions in the image; this could therefore suggest that the review is only given a limited amount of space in the magazine because being a sequel the audience will have had there own opinion of the films already, or again for a similar reason the audience will see the iconic minions and get the same vibe from of the film from this rather than having to read about it being like a new film they are unfamiliar with.


The image is placed at the head of the review, it is reasonably small which makes the audience think that this image represents something quite small in terms of significance towards the film and its plot. The image shows the iconic minion, which has been seen in films and children’s television programmes from the release of he first film the minions have become a very recognisable character. The use of the large number of minions together has also become noticed as normal in terms of despicable me, so the audience already feel like the plot of this film is becoming more apparent to them.  The audience can see that they are dressed in prison uniform, which makes them question what events have led them to this location, however if the audience are familiar with the previous films that include the minions then they will know that the minions are there and used to help the villain create and follow through on evil plans which therefore makes the audience think that by them using the prison setting and uniform in the image makes the audience question what crime or plan has failed and led to the minions being put here. They all seem to be pulling the same facial expression and moving in the same way which makes the audience understand that they are following the same plan that they have in the other films, which entices the audience who like the old ones into wanting to watch the new realised film.


The title is written in the same bold, capitalised black font that is seen through the whole of the magazine, this gives the audience a clear distinction of what the film’s name is, which is a helpful aspect in a review as it is clear what film your reviewing and therefore the audience can easily make their mind up if they will want to go and see it or not. The star rating is under this which is again in bold black stars which makes the audience see the initial impression on what the reviewer thinks about this film out of five stars; which is a helpful feature when trying to gain an overall idea of what the tone is going to be through the review. The date of release, certificate rating the age recommendation  and the duration of the film, again which are really helpful aspects to know when thinking about if the film is appropriate audience. The directors and the actors are then next listed; this is an interesting thing to note when the audience are reading the review because if they are interested in a particular actor or director then it is clear to see for the audience that they are involved in the film and then it might make the audience want to watch the film more, or make them show more of an interest in the film. The sub-titles of this information is written in bold, capitalised front so it is clear what information they are declaring and then what they are answering.


The review itself is written in plain serif font; which does create a tone about the review that makes it more professional and sophisticated. The review starts with the first three words in capital letters which makes the audience distinguish the star of the review from the background information on the film. Throughout the review the audience can see that the author has used the characters names followed by who the actor is that plays them in bold, this is a helpful bit of information to the audience because they are understanding the roles that the actors are going to play and therefore how the characters might be presented as in turn throughout the film. The author also gives an overview of the plot throughout the review followed by a comment on how this fits into the terms of the film and whether or not it is a good or bad part of the film. When coming to the end of the review the author gives an opinion that reflects both the effect on the children and the parents which is a good way to end its review based term and then end with a sentence that makes the audience question the films of this sequel to follow.

Lord Of The Rings: Film Poster Analysis


Lord Of The Rings, is a High Fantasy novel written by English author and scholar J. R. R. Tolkien. The story began as a sequel to Tolkien’s 1937 fantasy novel The Hobbit, but eventually developed into a much larger work. The title of the novel refers to the story’s main antagonist, the Dark Lord Sauron,who had in an earlier age created the One Ring to rule the other Rings of Power as the ultimate weapon in his campaign to conquer and rule all of Middle-earth.


Thousands of years before the events of the novel, the Dark Lord Sauron had forged the One Ring to rule the other Rings of Power and corrupt those who wore them: the leaders of Men, Elves and Dwarves. Sauron was defeated by an alliance of Elves and Men led by Gil-galad and Elendil, respectively. In the final battle, Isildur, son of Elendil, cut the One Ring from Sauron’s finger, causing Sauron to lose his physical form. Isildur claimed the Ring as an heirloom for his line, but when he was later ambushed and killed by the Orcs, the Ring was lost in the River Anduin at Gladden Fields.

Over two thousand years later, the Ring was found by one of the river-folk called Déagol. His friend Sméagol fell under the Ring’s influence and strangled Déagol to acquire it. Sméagol was banished and hid under the Misty Mountains. The Ring gave him long life and changed him over hundreds of years into a twisted, corrupted creature called Gollum. Gollum lost the Ring, his “precious”, and as told in The Hobbit, Bilbo Baggins found it. Meanwhile, Sauron assumed a new form and took back his old realm of Mordor. When Gollum set out in search of the Ring, he was captured and tortured by Sauron. Sauron learned from Gollum that “Baggins” of the Shire had taken the Ring. Gollum was set loose. Sauron, who needed the Ring to regain his full power, sent forth his powerful servants, the Nazgûl, to seize it.

Lord of the rings

Colour: The colours used on this poster are mainly based on sepia tones, which make the idea behind the poster mysterious and conceals the truth behind the storyline. The colours on the poster make everything ambiguous and make the audience want to understand the characters, the colour balance of this is shown through the poster acts as a barrier to the audience, which leaves the audience with no idea about the characters or  what the personality or role in the plot is. The audience only manage to see a distinct difference in the roles that the characters will play, due to the layout. The white mist that is used connotes innocence; because this is shown to be a mist and dissolves across a section of the poster, the audience can infer that a character starts off as innocent but then soon changes and loses this innocence or the white could symbolise hope, and there is always hope throughout the film, as the plot develops. From the audience knowing that this is a high fantasy, the audience understand that if the white does represent hope, even through the peaks and the falls of the plot. The black horses at the bottom of the poster show the evil and the darkness this suggests to the audience that the divide between good and bad is clear, again following the conventions for the battle between good and bad.

Images- There are very limited images that the audience can see in this poster as anything to allow an analysis into the film itself. The main images on the poster are the characters, the horses, the sea and the symbols on the male characters robe. The majority of the characters are holding some form of weapon, which shows the audience that the characters are prepared of a fight; over what is still unknown to the audience, but following the typical codes and conventions of the film genre the audience can infer that the fight will be between good and bad. The use of the dark horses below in which the audience can see that the characters on the horses are also holding swords which allows the audience to further interpret that there will be a battle between the good and bad. The characters who aren’t holding a weapon of some sort all seem to have features that are slightly different from what the audience would consider a normal human to look like, this is one of the main features that distinguish this film to be a fantasy, there characters all ethier have a white feature (Hair), are wearing white or  are being touched by the white light which appears behind them- allowing the audience to see that the characters at the top of the page are the good characters rather than the bad. The bottom of the poster appears to be water, which the horses are running through and the water is splashing, which shows the audience that the water was calm until the dark looking horses (which the audience have inferred to be the bad characters) disrupt the calm that’s been established.

Layout– The audience are most drawn to the male character positioned central of the poster. They then look at the characters surrounding him. The size of these characters are also significant; they take up around half of the poster, which shows that they are extremely significant. This is one of the only clues the audience gain from the poster about the plot. The size of the men riding the horses at the bottom of the poster is also significant because of the size; these are only a small part of the poster, this allows the audience to infer that the characters at the top if the poster are going to defeat them. With the knowledge of the colour showing the smaller characters in black that these are the characters that will be fighting for evil, and the bigger characters are going to defeat the ones below them, this is another factor that the audience can see to imply the ending, the positioning of the characters over the larger ones shows that the characters at the top are going to come out of the film on top. The characters on the top of the page are all positioned breaking the forth wall. This gives the audience an idea of how the characters will be presented in terms of the roles, the male character positioned in the middle of the poster is shown to be the main character in the storyline of the film. The characters around him are put there to show that they are also significant in the plot but the main focus should be on the male character in the middle. The characters around him are also a range of different sizes, this connotes the size of the roles that these characters play in the story line of the film. Around the edging of the boys coat is also what on first impression shows some resemblance to a compass, this suggests to the audience that there will be an unfamiliar route that the characters will take, the positioning of it where it is suggests to the audience that there will be an adventure of some sort and that this compass like objects has a significant part to play in the end location of the adventure or in the journey they have to take to get there.

Typography And Language- The language used is very basic and limited, the audience are only presented with the main title of the film and then the catch phrase placed just under the large title. “Lord of the rings” is written in capitalised serif font, it is written in gold font with a slightly yellow reflect to the colour of the font. The font below the title, almost acts as a catch phrase, which helps distinguish this film from the others that are in this sequel. The font is written in sans serif this is written in a lighter font which is more towards the shade of white with a yellow undertone to it. There is also a credits section at the bottom of the poster which is written in the same white shade with a yellow undertone, this has a transparent vibe to it and allows the audience to see the credits and the names but also still see the image in the background. The date of release is also seen on the last line of the credits, this is central and is written in the same colour font as the title, with the gold font that falls towards having a yellow tone to it, its again written in serif capitalised font, this makes the date stand out from the rest of the credits making the audience aware of the date this will be screened.

Princess Bride: Textual Analysis

The Princess Bride is a 1987 American romantic fantasy adventure comedy-drama film directed and co-produced by Rob Reiner, and starring Cary Elwes, Robin Wright, Mandy Patinkin, Chris Sarandon, Wallace Shawn, André the Giant and Christopher Guest. Adapted by William Goldman from his 1973 novel of the same name, it tells the story about a farmhand named Westley, accompanied by befriended companions along the way, who must rescue his true love Princess Buttercup from the odious Prince Humperdinck. The story is presented in the film as a book being read by a grandfather (Peter Falk) to his sick grandson (Fred Savage), thus effectively preserving the novel’s narrative style.

My Textual Analysis- 1.27 Minutes in. 

The film starts with a pure black screen with only bright blue, capitalised; sans serif font. The font reads ‘Princess Bride’, the colour used is a very turquoise shade, which isn’t usually associated with the royal family, which is what the audience expect from the word princess. There is then the sound of non diegetic coughing is used which begins to make the audience question why this is included, what the purpose of including it is and what the significance of this in relation to the rest of the film. After 4 seconds of the title being on screen the title fades out into the black background, in which the coughing returns. Then a screen of a video game of the stereotypical American game of baseball is shown, when the video game is on the screen it comes with a diegetic sound of the video game. The angle of the video game viewing changes, along with the sound that changes to match the action of the video game character on screen. The shot of this video game lasts on the screen for 10 seconds, which makes the audience think that the video game has a amount of significance behind it. The shot then cuts to a young boy; this is the first character that the audience have been introduced to this makes the audience understand that this character is going to play a significant part in the film and the development. The room behind the boy is messy background of his bedroom, with this along with the video games make the boy seem like a typical boy of his age. The boy is also wearing a baseball top, which makes the audience understand that this sport is something that he is passionate about and could potentially be a hobby of his.

The long shot of the boy in bed establishes the location to the audience, the messy room links back to the stereotype that the boy is a typical pre teenage boy, there is a figure of father Christmas hanging on the wardrobe door, which shows that it is either near Christmas it has just been left in the room and forgotten about. The door of the bedroom then opens and in walks the boys mother she says ‘hello honey’, which connotes a very maternal nature as would be expected. The shot cuts to a medium shot of his mum kissing him on the head, which makes the audience question if she is just being loving or if the coughing in mind if the young boy is ill. The cough is then justified with the boys mother checking his temperature with her hand and asking if he felt any better. When the boy replies with ‘little bit’ the audience begin to feel sympathy for the young boy. The shot cuts to a long shot of his mum walking around the bed to go and open the curtains. The camera then tracks around the back of the boy, from an over the shoulder shot to make the audience feel that they are looking in on the conversation, making the audience feel that this could be the style of narrative that will present the story to them. A man then bursts through the bedroom door, he comes in with a massive presence around him and changes the atmosphere from focused on the boy that is ill to the energy around the man who has just entered.

The man then pinches the boys cheeks, which is associated with what grandparents do, from the expression on the boys face shows that he doesn’t like this.  The mum then says ‘I’ll leave you two alone’, through the use of this the audience begin to understand that the relationship between the boy and his granddad isn’t strong and needs developing. When the present is shown in the shot, which makes the boy show more enthusiasm to spending time with his granddad, this is shown through the tone of his voice and the body language how he picks himself up more and looks less sorry for himself. There is a high angle then used to show the boy opening the present, to which when it is revealed that the present is a book the boys facial expression, and tone in is voice changes to disappointment. There is a low angle on the granddad, shows him as being powerful, along with the tone and the word that he is using show that he is almost patronising the young boy, as he mainly speaks about the gap in the generations. When the granddad then sits down he becomes less patronising and more sentimental, towards the meaning behind the present of the book.

New Genre? Fantasy…

Why the change of genre?

I have decided to change my short films genre. I have decided to do this because I felt that the ‘Drama’, was a common genre and I wanted to express the unique aspects of this genre; the illusion that is created as a result of the fantasy genre, which connect reality to surrealism.

Fantasy genre can be interpreted in a range of different ways, through it’s use symbolic signs; the audience can feel visually included in the story line of the film. I found this genre limitless, through the experimentation of innovative ideas and concepts. In comparison to the drama genre which I felt was limiting to the experiments that would fit with the story line that I wish to experiment with.

When thinking about creating a short film I initially wanted to be unique and create something that no one would do. I think that changing my genre will allow me to improve the quality of my work when trying to make a unique short film. When looking at the codes and conventions and comparing them I can see that the characters I want to include will be more fitted to the fantasy genre.

Grab copy

Fantasy Genre

There are two main sub-genres within the fantasy genre, High Fantasy and Sword and Sorcery. These two genres are different in the way they perform and how the atmosphere they create for the audience. Within the these sub genres I can see that I have to research into what they mean and decided which one of the two I am going to base my short film on, as it is very hard without a plan to fall into both genres.

High Fantasy- This is set in a world that isn’t considered to be ‘real’, the rules are different and the audience can that this film is far from having a distinct link to what the audience would consider normal. The plot usually is set between the battle for good and evil; and both groups of people are easily seen as being different from each other. Mainly the idea of high fantasy is that the story is narrated through the eyes of the hero, the hero is also usually a main character; the story line is also aimed at following the story of this main hero. A film that is an example of this sub-genre is Maleficent, which is a fairly simple story line following the main conventions where good overcomes bad.



Sword and Sorcery- This sub-genre is more plot driven that High Fantasy. The Sword aspect of it shows the audience that this sub-genre is full of sword fighting, so the plot of this based around action, Sorcery suggests that the fighting surrounds magic and the question, will magic over rule the idea will magic win the fight? Like the ‘High Fantasy’ genre there is a battle between good and evil, however this one is focused on trying to battle to protect someone or something. The characters included in this genre tend to be human or more related to humans. Harry Potter is an example of this film, as it is about protecting Harry and the other children at Hogwarts, and the characters are mostly human or appear human before transforming.





































The Beguiled: Ancillary Text Review

The Beguiled is a 2017 American drama film written and directed by Sofia Coppola, based on the novel of the same name (originally published as A Painted Devil) by Thomas P. Cullinan. It stars Colin Farrell, Nicole Kidman, Kirsten Dunst and Elle Fanning. A film of the same name, also based on Cullinan’s book, was released in 1971.

It premiered on May 24 at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival, and was selected to compete for the Palme d’Or in its main competition section, where Coppola won the Best Director award, becoming only the second woman to do so. The film was released theatrically on June 23, 2017, by Focus Features.

Spread across a page this is one of the larger reviews included in the magazine. This straight away shows the audience that the author of this review was able to find a lot of things in this film that were of enough significance to construct a detailed response on this film. This allows the audience on first glance to decide if the review filling the page is because of how the author responded in a positive way or if the film was complex and hard to follow which means that the author of the review struggled to write a detailed review in a limited amount of words. However there is a very large picture used at the top of the review, which takes up around half the page; the columns that are used are quite wide rather than long and are written close to the dividing lines, which shows that the size of the review is a more manageable size, and this doesn’t put the audience off reading it because of the shear amount of the page allocated to it.


The Beguiled

The image included on this page takes up over half of the page, which allows the audience to see that the people in this picture have a great significance to the film, which suggests that the characters shown are the main characters. This picture also leads the audience into developing clues about setting and the context that this film is set in. From this image the audience can see that the this film is going to be set in an older era, in this case the audience can infer that this film will be set at some point in the 1900’s. If the audience has any historical knowledge the audience can see that the man is wearing an American civil war uniform, which allows the audience to gain an idea of how the public were dealing and coping with the war as well as the men. This picture also shows the audience a relationship between the two characters in the picture, the audience can see that the body language and the facial expressions between the two characters both imply different things. The facial expression of the two characters look almost awkward as if they aren’t supposed to be as close as they are, but the audience can also see that the woman’s gaze isn’t meeting the mans which shows that she has understood that she isn’t meant to be this close, however the man appears to be looking at the woman’s face which shows that he has a desire towards her. This images gives the audience a range of interpretations, which makes the audience want to gain a better understanding of the relationship and the characters. The woman is wearing a white dress which is juxtaposed by the mans black uniform, which if the audience are following the generic symbolism of these colours the picture suggests to the audience that the woman would be of an innocent standard, wheres as the man coming from the war in his uniform goes agains the idea that he is innocent, this is also shows by the gaze he gives her in this image. However the audience see the black lace gloves that the woman wear which on its own lace would suggest delicate and again innocent but by the colour the audience can infer that the woman might be using this innocence as a front for her character and she secretly has a different persona that the audience is yet to see.


Commonly in this style of reviews the audience can see the release date, the director, the actors, a small description of the plot of the film and a star rating. The star rating, title and the sub titles that further the annotations are written in bold, the name of the film is in bold font too however it is written how it would be presented and how it is therefore marketed. This section of the of the review is separated by a thick black line where then the review of the film starts, it is further distinguished by the first three words being again written in capital letters and bold font.

The width of the columns aren’t significantly wide, which makes the audience more drawn to read it. The audience see that the broken down paragraphs within the columns which makes the audience more inclined to read it. The tone of the main review is also formal and sophisticated, this makes the audience more interested in the film, as the review also includes a range of facts about the film and mentions the directors intentions too. Some parts of the review also link to how the audience should go and see this film for it to elaborate on the decisions the director has made, “Comes with more ambiguity; using his own accent (which is explained),” quotations that follow this style are used throughout the review, which makes the audience more intrigued into why the director has made decisions. This also makes the audience question a lot about the plot of the film and what the director is trying to achieve. There are also mentions of other films in this review, “The virgin suicides and The bling ring”, the review then goes on to compare the films to these, and scale the film in the middle of these two films previously made. This is a useful technique to use when writing a review on a film that potentially hasn’t had a review prior to this one, as anyone who has previously seen these films can related to it. Finally the audience see the final verdict section of this film, this is a really useful aspect to include to finalize the review, this summarizes the review written above, which leaves an ambiguous tone, which still allows the audience to make there own interpretation on the film, after being given all of the information surrounding the film and a slight analysis of the plot and directors intentions.

Spirit: Stallion Of The Cimarron: Movie Poster Analysis

Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron is a 2002 American animated western-drama film, produced by DreamWorks Animation and distributed by DreamWorks Pictures. The film was written by John Fusco and directed by Kelly Asbury and Lorna Cook in her directional debut, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. In contrast to the way animals are portrayed in an anthropomorphic (Having Human Characteristics) style in other animated features, Spirit and his fellow horses communicate with each other through sounds and body language. Spirit’s thoughts are narrated by his voice actor Matt Damon, but otherwise, he has no dialogue. Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron was released in theaters on May 24, 2002, and earned $122.6 million on a $80 million budget.



Colour- The colours that are used on this movie poster are all very natural and are colours that would be associated with the environment that this film is set in. The film is set in the old west, which is associated with yellow, orange and brown tones that are linked to the desert, which comes to mind when the audience think of deserted land that is lived in by the typical Red Indians and Cowboys. The colour of the horse on the left also is coloured very similarly to the tones of the sun and the tones that are linked to the landscape; this connotes that this horse is free and wild, which has no limits and roams the land freely. The black that is also seen on the horse shows the danger that could be seen along with having the freedom, this could also add mystery to the character of the horse and what the plot could involve. The other horse next to him is brown and white, this could represent the separation of the groups of people that were living in the old west at the time of wild horses. The sunset behind the two horses also gives a yellow and orange tone to the sky which highlights the darker shadows around the mountains and the horses, this suggests that during the film there will be both good and bad moments, which follows the codes and conventions of the drama genre that this film is. The very bright green grass is both unnatural in the realistic view of the poster, however in the context of the picture and the animated style the grass shows how natural the location is and how these animals are going to be in the natural state and nothing else.

Images- The main images of this poster are the two horses, the eagle, the feather in the horses mane and the mountainous landscape in the background. The horses symbolism freedom and balance. However there are also more traditional stereotypes of horses that are associated with white horse. In Christianity a white horse represents death, therefore in the context of the horse being white represents death, and for the horse to have white on it foreshadows that a negative event could take place which could potentially look at the white horse coming into some type of danger during the plot of the film.  The eagle flying above the horse in the top right hand corner symbolises courage, strength and immortality, they are also symbols of strength and wisdom, these characteristics could all be included in the film for characters that could be introduced throughout the film. All of which would be looking at developing the plot. The symbolism of the feather in the mane of the horse links all the ideas associated with the eagle to the horse, which furthers some interpretations of the horse but also adds others such as immortality and wisdom; which helps the audience build a profile about the horses which they believe to be the main characters in this play.

Layout-  The two horses are central to the poster, but both are positioned slightly off to each side, which makes the audience view the characters equally. However the audience can also gain and idea of the characters standing as positioning in the film goes. The eagle is positioned above the horse on the right hand side, which connotes that this horse will be along side the eagle potentially or be guided by something during the play, however the horse on the left doesn’t have to share this side of the poster with any other character- just the landscape in the background which presents the audience with an idea of having a more wild free spirit about the personality of this horse. The audience can also see that the horses have been positioned on a hill of grass in the setting, which makes the audience understand that in the position in the environment then the two horse would be physically high which shows some authority and dominance. They are both also facing the same direction- which is to the left and against the wind, the audience from the background can also see the sun set colours are more dominant from the left which suggests that the horses are looking at the sunset as hope or as peace comes with the new sun rise.

Language And Typography- Most of the writing on this poster is white, which shows innocence, which is mainly associated with animals as a generalised term. The only black font is on the top of the poster, this font is written in capitalised serif font, which makes the text look more professional, the purpose of this font is to introduced the film, through the production company; the language used is very generic and iconic of the Pixar production company. The main font that it seen on the poster is the name of the film ‘Spirit Stallion Of The Cimarron’. The word ‘Spirit’ is written in the largest font with the biggest tracking spaces, this draws the audience attention to the name of the film (The shortened version). This font is written in serif font again, but it looks slightly ripped and weathered which would be expected as something typical the rough lifestyle in the old west. The second part of the movie title is written under this in the same capitalised, white font which makes the audience aware of the name of the movie being more than just ‘Spirit’ however they understand that ‘Spirit’ is clearly a significant part of the film and the plot. There is also a list of three, that is written in the same style of font, but this is in a sandy yellow colour which re-enforces the idea of being free and at one with the natural world and landscape that they are living in. Finally there is the use of credits at the bottom of the poster, this is also common with the film posters to show and credit those who worked on the films, this however doesn’t add much to the representation of the film or what will unfold in the plot.

Blog at

Up ↑